Diabetes is a disease that has created a lot of awareness from all over the world. A great percentage of world population has been affected by the disease and more in a risk of developing it. Many people ask a lot of questions about this disease.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition whereby the blood sugar levels in the body are high above the normal physiological limits.
How does this condition develop?
This condition is dependent on insulin hormone which is responsible for the body cells taking in glucose. If the insulin is not adequate, lacks or the cells are resistant to it, the blood sugar levels will increase. The increase comes about as less or no glucose is taken in to the body cells thus making it accumulate and rise above the normal levels.
What are the types of diabetes?
There are three types of diabetes based on the cause of the condition. These are;
1) Type 1 diabetes
2) Type 2 diabetes
3) Gestational diabetes
How does type 1 diabetes occur?
This type occurs when the body does not produce insulin at all due pancreatic problems. It affects one throughout lifetime. The condition is rare as it is approximately 10% of all diabetes cases.
How does type 2 diabetes occur?
This condition occurs when the body either does not produce enough insulin or the body cells are resistant to the insulin produced. This condition is the most common one as approximately 90% of diabetes cases are of this type. It is a progressive condition and can worsen if not managed well. Many are at risk of developing this type of diabetes due to lifestyles.
Who are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes?
People who are overweight or obese are at a higher risk compared to those with healthy weight. This is because their bodies release chemicals that can destabilize the body’s cardiovascular and metabolic systems.
- Physically inactive people are also at a high risk.
- People eating wrong foods e.g. sugary soft drinks which have an effect of increasing the blood sugar levels
- Those who drink excessive alcohol cause damage to the liver thus affecting glucose production.
How does gestational diabetes occur?
This occurs during pregnancy when the blood sugar levels rise and thus the body cannot produce enough insulin.
How is diabetes treated?
Diabetes is treated by administering insulin and other medications that control blood sugar levels. There are also a few recommended natural holistic treatments.
- Type 1 is treated by administration of insulin through injections throughout one’s lifetime.
- Type 2 is treated by administering insulin through tablet form but in some cases insulin injections can be used.
- Gestational diabetes is treated by administering some medications to regulate blood sugar levels.
- For all the types of diabetes, exercise and eating the right foods are part of treatment and control.
How can I be tested for diabetes?
There are three tests that are performed i.e.
1) The AIC test
2) The OGTT test
3) The FPG test
Visit your doctor and request for any of these three tests.
How can diabetes be prevented?
The best way to prevent diabetes is by exercising, having a healthy diet and performing regular tests.
In conclusion, diabetes is a condition related mostly to diet and body weight and thus can be prevented easily. Its effects can lead to loss of life if not well managed.